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Home > The Company > Basic Facts
Basic Facts

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father of the Nation

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

National Poet

Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

Head of the State

Mamnoon Hussain, President

Head of Government

Mian Muhammad Nawaz Shareef, Prime Minister

Capital

Islamabad

Area

Total

796,095 Sq. km.

Punjab

205,344 Sq. km.

Sindh

140,914 Sq. km.

North West Frontier Province (NWFP)

74,521 Sq. km.

Balochistan

347,190 Sq. km.

Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)

27,220 Sq. km.

Islamabad (Capital)

906 Sq. km.

Population

153.96 million (E)

Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts.

Administrative Setup

 

Divisions

Districts

Punjab

8

34

Sindh

5

21

NWFP

7

24

Balochistan

6

22

While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.

Religion

95% Muslims, 5% others

Annual per capita income

US$ 736

GDP

8.4%

Currency

Pak. Rupee. (PKR)

Imports

Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.

Exports

Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit

Languages

Urdu (National) and English (Official)

Literacy rate

53%

Government

Parliamentary form

Parliament

Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).

The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

National Anthem

Approved in August, 1954

Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri

Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla

Duration: 80 seconds

State Emblem

The State Emblem consists of:

1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam

2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops

3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and

4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

Pakistan's Official Map

Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)

National Flower

Jasmine

National Tree

Deodar (Cedrus Deodara)

National Animal

Markhor

National Bird

Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

Flora

Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

Fauna

The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls

Popular Games

Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash

Tourist's Resorts

Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological Sites

Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai

Major Cities

Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Major Crops

Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Agricultural Growth Rate

7.5% in 2004-05

Total Cropped Area

22.94 million hectares

Industry

Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

Energy

Major sources

Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas

Power Generating Capacity

19,389 MW

Health

Hospitals

916

Dispensaries

4,600

Basic Health Units (BHUs)

5,301

Maternity & Child Health Centres

906

Rural Health Centres (RHCs)

552

Tuberculosis (TB) Centres

289

Hospital Beds

99,908

Doctors (registered)

113,206

Dentists (registered)

6,127

Nurses (registered)

48,446

Paramedics

23,559

Lady Health Workers

6,741

Education

Primary Schools

155,000

Middle Schools

28,728

High Schools

16,100

Secondary Vocational Institutions

636

Arts & Science Colleges

1,066

Professional Colleges

382

Universities

51

Transport & Communication

Total Length of Roads

259, 758 KM

Pakistan Railway Network

7,791 KM

Locomotives

580

Railway Stations

781

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA)

Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes

Major Airports

8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)

Seaports

International

2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim). Gwadar deep sea port is under construction.

Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports

3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

Communications

Post Offices

12,170

Telephone connections

5,052,000

Public Call Offices

217,597

Telegraph Offices

299

Internet Connections

2 million

Mobile Phones

10,542,641

Employment

Total Labour Force

46.84 million

Employed Labour Force

43.22 million

Agriculture Sector

18.60 million

Manufacturing & Mining Sector

5.96 million

Construction

2.52 million

Trade

6.39 million

Transport

2.48 million

Others

6.98 million

Media

Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)

Dailies

540

Weeklies

444

Fortnightlies

55

Monthlies

268

News Agencies

Official

APP

Private

PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana

Electronic Media

TV Centres

Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 49 re-broadcasting stations.

Pakistan Television

4 channels (PTV-I, PTV-II (PTV World), PTV-III & PTV National)

Radio Stations

Public:

Total 25, Home services in 19 languages. External Services cover 81 countries in 15 languages. Radio stations 22.

Private:

Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority has so far awarded 72 FM Radio broadcast licenses including nine (9) specialized subject licenses for universities. Fifteen (15) licenses have been granted for the establishment of Satellite TV Channels. Nine Satellite TV channels have started their operation.

Cable Operators

900

Banks

Central Bank

State Bank of Pakistan

Nationalized Scheduled Banks

First Woman Bank Ltd.

National Bank of Pakistan

Specialized Banks

Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL)

Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan

Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd

Private Scheduled Banks

Askari Commercial Bank Limited

Bank Al-Falah Limited

Bolan Bank Limited

Faysal Bank Limited

Bank Al-Habib Limited

Metropolitan Bank Limited

KASB Commercial Bank Limited

Prime Commercial Bank Limited

PICIC Commercial Bank Limited

Soneri Bank Limited

Union Bank Limited

Meezan Bank Limited

Saudi-Pak Commercial Bank Limited

Crescent Commercial Bank Limited

Dawood Bank Limited

NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)

Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited

United Bank Limited

Habib Bank Limited

SME Banks

Foreign Banks

ABN Amro Bank N.V

Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)

American Expresss Bank Limited

Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited

Citibank N.A

Deutsche Bank A.G.

Habib Bank A.G. Zurich

Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited

Oman International Bank S.O.A.G

Rupali Bank Limited

Standard Chartered Bank Limited

Development Financial Institutions

Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited

Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited

Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited

Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Limited

Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricutural Investment Company (Pvt) Limited

Investment Banks

Crescent Investment Bank Limited

First International Investment Bank Limited

Atlas Investment Bank Limited

Security Investment Bank Limited

Fidelity Investment Bank Limited

Prudential Investment Bank Limited

Islamic Investment Bank Limited

Asset Investment Bank Limited

Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited

Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited

Franklin Investment Bank Limited

Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited

Famous Mountain Peaks

 

Height

World Rating

K-2 (Chagori)

8616 m

2nd

Nanga Parbat

8125 m

8th

Gasherbrum-I

8068 m

11th

Broad Peak

8065 m

12th

Gasherbrum-II

8047 m

14th

Gasherbrum-III

7952 m

15th

Gasherbrum-IV

7925 m

16th

Disteghil Sar

7885 m

20th

Kunyang Kish

7852 m

22nd

Masherbrum (NE)

7821 m

24th

Rakaposhi

7788 m

27th

Batura I

7785 m

28th

Kanjut Sar

7760 m

29th

Saltoro Kangri

7742 m

33rd

Trivor

7720 m

36th

Tirich Mir

7708 m

41st

Famous Mountain Passes

Location

Province

The Khyber Pass

NWFP

The Kurram Pass

FATA

The Tochi Pass

FATA

The Gomal Pass

NWFP

The Bolan Pass

Balochistan

The Lowari Pass

Chitral (NWFP)

The Khunjrab Pass

Northern Areas

Rivers

Name

Length

The Indus

2,896 km

Jhelum

825 km

Chenab

1,242 km

Ravi

901 km

Sutlej

1,551 km

Beas (tributary of Sutlej)

398 km

Famous Glaciers

Name

Length

Siachin

75 km

Batura

55 km

Baltoro

65 km

Deserts

Name

Location/Province

Thar

Sindh

Cholistan

Punjab

Thal

Punjab

Lakes

Name

Location/Province

Manchar

Sindh

Keenjar

Sindh

Hanna

Balochistan

Saif-ul-Maluk

NWFP

Satpara

Northern Areas

Kachura

Northern Areas

Major Dams

Name

Location/Province

Mangla Dam

Punjab

Tarbela Dam

NWFP

Warsak Dam

NWFP

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